India-Senegal Bilateral Relations
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India-Senegal Bilateral Relations

Overview

          Diplomatic relations between India and Senegal were established in 1962.  Both countries enjoy warm and friendly bilateral relations sharing common values including democracy  and secularism. They are both members of the Non-Aligned Movement and G-15.  Senegal deeply appreciates India’s cooperation and support for the development of Africa and in particular Senegal.  Partnership with India in the field of urban transport, agriculture, rural electrification, human resource development and information technology has led to considerable socio-economic development and generated enormous goodwill. Senegal, being the leading francophone country in West Africa, has played a significant role in the creation of TEAM-9.

          India and Senegal enjoy excellent relations not only in the political field but also in economic and commercial spheres.  Bilateral cooperation is promoted within the framework of a number of agreements in the areas of trade, economy, science and technology and culture.  An Agreement to set up a bilateral Joint Commission at the Ministerial level was signed in 1997.  The last JCM was held in New Delhi on March 17th, 2010 where the Senegalese Foreign Minister Maitre Madicke Niang participated.  The other bilateral arrangements in recent years include:

  1.      Protocol on Cooperation between the Ministry of External Affairs of India and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Senegal (for Foreign Office Consultations) that was signed in May 2005. The first Foreign Office Consultations were held on 20th October 2009 in Dakar. 

  2.      An Accord de Siège (Agreement of Headquarters for the establishment of its Regional Office in Senegal) was signed between EXIM Bank of India and the Government of Republic of Senegal in April 2008

  3.     Bilateral Investment Promotion Agreements (BIPA) was signed in July 2008 and came into effect from 17 October 2009 and can be accessed from (http://finmin.nic.in/bipa/Senegal.pdf)

  4.      Bilateral Agreement for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and Prevention of Fiscal Evasion (DTAA) is in the final stages of conclusion. 

  5.      India’s Duty Free Tariff Preference (DFTP) Scheme was offered to Senegal in May 2008 which was subsequently accepted by it.

  6.       For cooperation in the SME sector, two agreements have been signed

(a) Agreement between Senegalese Agency for Development of SMEs (ADEPME) and National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) and National Institute for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development (NIESBUD) of India and
(b) Agreement between the Senegalese Agency for Development of SMEs (ADEPME) and Khadi and village Industries Commission (KVIC). 

  1.      A Cultural Exchange Programme (CEP) was signed in Dakar on 30th September 2004.  

  2.       An MoU for cooperation between Indian Council for World Affairs (ICWA) and the Council for Development of Research in Social Sciences in Africa (CODESRIA) of Senegal was signed in September 2011 in Dakar.

          Some of the salient features of the close and friendly bilateral relations that exist between the two countries are as follows:

(i)      Senegal supports India’s candidature for a permanent seat in the expanded UN Security Council. 
(ii)     Senegal Government has been supportive of India’s stand on terrorism and expressed its condolences and solidarity from time to time whenever terrorist attacks have taken place in India.

(iii)    Senegal plays a moderating role in the OIC.

(iv)    The training slots offered every year under ITEC Programme are well appreciated and  it contributes considerably to the goodwill enjoyed by India in this country.

(v)     Senegal maintains a senior Defence Attache at their Embassy in New Delhi. 

(vi)    WAPCOS signed an MOU with the Ministry of Agriculture of Senegal to provide consultation for the GOANA (Grande Offensive Agricole pour la Nourriture et l’abondance) programme which is aimed at achieving self-sufficiency in Agriculture by developing and irrigating 158,337 hectares of land in Senegal River Valley. WAPCOS also conducted a feasibility study of the project. 

          Pan African E-Network Project: The Project was inaugurated on 26 February 2009.  Senegal hosts the satellite earth station of the project at Sebikotane, Gandoul.  Senegal was amongst the first few countries to sign the bilateral agreement with Telecommunications Consultants India Ltd. (TCIL) to be a part of the Pan African e-Network project.  With effect from September 2012, Fann Hospital at Dakar has been designated a Super Specialty Regional Hospital. Telemedicine classes are held at Fann Hospital while tele-education classes are held at St. Louis University in St. Louis.

(vii)   Technical Cooperation: Technical assistance provided by India in various fields is well appreciated by Senegal.  Some such projects include:

 (a) Training and capacity enhancement: Entrepreneurial Training & Development Centre (ETDC) that was set up with Indian technical and financial assistance under the G-15 Cooperation Programme at a cost of approx. US $ 4.5 mn. It provides technical training in mechanical engineering, maintenance and civil engineering, electrical engineering and electronics, metal-plating, refrigeration and air-conditioning. Currently more than four hundred students from Senegal and other countries in the region benefit from it annually. Under the India Africa Forum Summit II decisions, the centre is proposed to be upgraded with injection of funds and capacities.  A team from Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India, Gandhinagar is expected to visit Senegal soon to discuss matters regarding this project.

 

(b) Rural Electrification: A village electrification project through solar energy was implemented in Senegal under the G-15 Cooperation Programme. Central Electronics Limited (CEL) had installed the equipment and Senegalese technicians had received training in India to operate the system. The project was commissioned in January 2000

(c) Agro-economic development: Agricultural Development project: The project implemented by HMT during 1999-2000, involved setting up of two agricultural centres at St. Louis in the north and Tambacounda in the south for the promotion of rice and cotton production respectively.  Besides technical assistance, equipment including tractors, threshers, shellers, seeds, drilling rig and  diesel pumps were provided.  The cost of the project was around US$ 2 million.  The project was highly successful and therefore, the Senegalese government extended the program through its own resources and purchased more agricultural equipment from India on commercial basis.  Kirloskar pumps were abundantly provided and sold in Senegal and are identified with the agricultural production improvements in Senegal.

(d) Computerization:  Under the G-15 Cooperation Programme, computerization of the Prime Minister's Office was undertaken, involving an expenditure of Rs. 36 lacs in 1995-96.  A number of development projects have been funded by the Government of India through Lines of Credit (combined total so far is around US$ 145 million) in the areas such as agriculture, irrigation, rural SMEs, poverty alleviation, rural electrification, fisheries, urban transport, railways, health sector etc. 

(viii)  Handicap mobility: In July-August 2010, the Industries Chimique du Senegal sponsored a programme titled ‘Operation Regaining Mobility’ in Senegal under which ‘Jaipur Foot’ were fitted to around 500 people including soldiers and civilians who had lost their limbs due to anti personnel landmines and also to others who had become handicapped due to accidents or natural causes.  The programme was launched Oukam Military Hospital in Dakar and the inauguration ceremony was attended by the Chief of Army Staff, Ministers, Members of Parliament and other important personalities.  A team of fourteen doctors and technicians had come from India for execution of the programme and the material was also procured from India.  The programme was run from end-July to mid-August in Dakar and thereafter in Casamance region till last week of August.

(ix)    Business Education: An Executive Development Programme on International Business was organized in Dakar by IIFT New Delhi in collaboration with the Institut Superieur de Management, Dakar from 25-29 October, 2010 under the decisions of the India Africa Froum Summit I to enhance capacities of African nationals.

(x)     Cultural Cooperation: Indian culture, especially the dance, music etc. are admired by the people of Senegal.  There are about forty India-friendship associations whose members are the local people who conduct cultural programmes especially involving Bollywood music on important occasions.  These associations receive support from the Mission from time to time in their endeavours to promote Indian culture in Senegal.

(xi)    First International Forum on Financing of Small and Medium Enterprises was organized by the Government of Senegal in November 2011.  The Additional Development Commissioner from the Ministry of Small & Medium Enterprises, Govt. of India and the CEO of SME Rating Agency of India participated in the Forum.  This has generated an area of cooperation in the field of business ratings of small and medium enterprises. Senegal has sought India’s assistance in setting up similar rating agency in Senegal.

(xi)    A financial assistance of US$ one million was extended by the Government of India to the Government of Senegal in the year 2011 for flood relief measures.

Visits from Senegal to India
1974            President Leopold Sedar Senghor – the first State Visit of Senegal
President to India
1974            Mr. Assane Seck, Minister of Foreign Affairs
1979            Cheikh Hamidou Kane, Minister for Industrial Development
1984            President Leopold Sedar Senghor received 1982 Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding
Nov 1986    Mr. Abdourahmane Toure, Minister of Commerce
May 1989    Mr. Famara Ibrahima Sagna, Minister of Industrial Development
Feb 1997     President Abdou DioufAug 2002, Mr. Youssuf Sakho, Minister for
Transport and Equipment
Oct 2003    President Abdoulaye Wade
March 2004Mr. Cheikh Tidiane Gadio, Minister of Foreign Affairs
Sep 2004    Mr. Cheikh Tidiane Gadio, Minister of Foreign Affairs
Jan 2005    Mr. Cheikh Tidiane Gadio, Minister of Foreign Affairs
Feb 2005    Dr. Issa Mbaye Samb, Minister for Health
March 2005                                     Mr. Mamadou Seck, Miniter for Transport, Equipments and Infrastructure
January 2008Mr. Madicke Niang, Minister of Mines and Industry
April 2008  President Abdoulaye Wade
Feb. 2010    Mr. Abdoulaye Balde, Minister of Armed Forces
March 2010                                      Maitre Madicke Niang, Minister of Foreign Affairs
March 2010                                      Mr. Karim Wade, Minister of International Cooperation, Land Development, Air Transport and Infrastructure
Feb.2011     Maitre Madicke Niang, Minister of Foreign Affairs
March 2011           Mme. Nafy Diouf Ngom, Minister of Surface Transport, Railways & Land                               Development
April 2011  Mr. Abdoulaye Balde, Senior Minister, Minister of Mining, Industry, Agro-Industry and SMEs
March 2013 Mr. Alione Saar, Minister of Commerce Visited India to attend CII-EXIM Bank Africa India conclave

Visits from India to Senegal
July 1972    Sardar Swarn Singh, Minister of External Affairs
Oct 1975      Shri Bipinpal Das, Deputy Minister for External Affairs  
Sept 1978    Shri Samarendra Kundu, Minister of State for External Affairs
June-July 1986Shri K. Natwar Singh, Minister of State for Fertilizers
Apr 1990     Mr. Arun Nehru, Minister of Commerce and Tourism
March 1992                                      Shri Madhav Sinh Solanki, Minister of External Affairs
Sept. 1997   Smt. Kamala Sinha, Minister of State for External Affairs
Nov 1998    Shri Surjit Singh Barnala, Minister of Fertilisers and Chemicals and
Feb 2002    Parliamentary Delegation led by Shri Sharief-Ud-Din Shariq, MP
Apr 2002    Shri Omar Abullah, Minister of State for External Affairs
Apr 2002    Dr. Raman Singh, Minister of State for Commerce and Industry
May 2003   Shri Shashank, Secretary (EAA)
Sep 2003    Shri Digvijay Singh, Minister of State for External Affairs
Apr 2005    Shri Rao Inderjit Singh, Minister of State for External Affairs
May 2005   Shri K. Natwar Singh, EAM
July 2008   Shri Anand Sharma, Minister of State for External Affairs
May 2011    Shri R.P.N. Singh, Minister of State for Petroleum & Fertilizers

Economic And Commercial Relations

          India is among the important trading partners of Senegal.  In 2010-11, total trade between India and Senegal stood at US$ 425.48 million while for the year 2011-12 this figure has gone up by 100% to US $ 794 million. Major items of our import from Senegal are inorganic chemicals (primarily phosphoric acid), raw cashew and metal scrap. Indian exports to Senegal mainly included cotton (products), meat products and drugs & pharmaceuticals. An important initiative was taken in 1988 for counter trade arrangements with Senegal but its results were not very encouraging.  Import of phosphoric acid from Senegal has been a major element of Indo-Senegalese trade. 

          The bilateral trade volume has the potential to grow in the near future given the convergence of interests in terms of Senegal’s growing economy, its need for investment in crucial infrastructure sectors and the Indian companies’ endeavour to explore new markets and share their expertise in various fields with new partners. Currently, Indian exports include meat products, pharmaceuticals, textiles, transport equipment including rolling stock for railways, locomotives, passenger vehicles, agricultural equipment, etc.  The Mission is making consistent efforts to help the Indian businesses increase their presence in Senegal and utilise Senegal as a gateway to the rest of West Africa.  The Mission brought out a booklet 'Doing Business with Senegal' whose two editions have been circulated to various trade promotion councils, business associations etc. in India.

Bilateral Trade for the last eight years
Value in US $ Million
         


SENEGAL

India’s Exports

India’s Imports

Total Trade

Growth in %

2003-2004

26.74

144.96

171.70

 

2004-2005

69.24

181.20

250.44

45.86

2005-2006

93.50

292.56

386.06

54.15

2006-2007 *

152.14

72.70

224.84

-41.76

2007-2008

198.21

149.83

348.04

54.70

2008-2009

144.82

216.28

361.10

03.75

2009-2010

188.70

237.03

425.73

17.69

2010-2011

219.83

205.65

425.48

-0.06

2011-2012

365.05

429.25

794.30

91.02

Source: Export Import Database, Ministry of Commerce, Government of India

          Indian companies/ joint ventures: Many Indian companies including IFFCO Consortium, Tata Group (Tata Motors, Tata Unitech and Tata Africa-Senegal), HMT(International), Kirloskar Bros, Expotech, CSL Senegal Ltd, NIIT, Ranbaxy, Ajanta Pharma, Coppice Technologies Ltd., Lucky Group, Angelique, Inma International, Mohan Energy, Aarti Steel etc. are active in Senegal and in this region.  In May 2010, an NMDC team from India visited Senegal to explore the possibility of a Joint Venture partnership with M/s Arcelor Mittal to expedite the iron ore project at Falemi.  A FICCI delegation visited Senegal in February 2011 and apart from holding B2B meetings, called on important dignitaries and senior officials.  An important business delegation from Senegal led by H.E. Mme Seynabouly Mbacke, Minister of Women Entrepreneurship and Microfinance participated in the ‘I’ for Africa business meet organized by Indo-African Chamber of Commerce and Industries in collaboration with the Government of Maharashtra during 28-30 April 2011 in Mumbai. A delegation of leather importers from India visited Senegal from September 16-20, 2011. A  EEPC engineering exporters delegation visited Senegal from January 16 to 20, 2013 and conducted a BSM at Senegal.

          Bilateral investments: India’s investments in Senegal are in various sectors including Mining / Production of P2O5, Automotive Industry, I.T Education / Training, Construction, Agro-industry, Agriculture – Livestock and Food products etc.  The largest investment from India in Senegal is in Industries Chimique du Senegal (ICS): ICS is the flagship company of Senegal which manufactures phosphoric acid from rock phosphates that are available in plenty in Senegal.  In 2008, an IFFCO led consortium invested approximately US$ 110 million in ICS.

          LOCs/Grants/Projects   
Projects under Lines of Credit extended by GOI Senegal (Republic of Senegal, Dakar)

(i) Rural SME and Agr. Machinery & Equipment:  The credit agreement became effective on 9 February 2005 under which a credit of US$ 15 million was extended. The project involved supply of tractors, agricultural implements vehicles, two-wheelers and a honey making plant.

(ii) Urban Transport: Credit agreement became effective on 9 February 2005.  Value of LOC extended was US$ 18.87.  The project involved supply of 350 buses, and 85 pickup vans.

(iii) Irrigation Project: Credit agreement became effective on 11 May 2006.  A credit of US$ 27 million was extended for pumpsets for agricultural purposes. This helped rice production to rise both in North and South of Senegal.

(iv) Women poverty alleviation and acquisition of vehicles from India: Credit Agreement for an amount of US$ 11 million became effective on 15 March 2007.  The project involved supply of multipurpose oil presses, mini bakeries, cereal and fruit processing units for women poverty alleviation, pickup vehicles, station wagons for support of decentralised administration. 

(v) IT Sector - Hardware and logistics: Credit Agreement for an amount of US$ 10 million became effective from 19 September 2007, for the purpose of setting up of IT training projects. The project has been completed.

(vi) Rural electrification and fishing industry development: With a total amount of US$ 25 million, out of which US$ 10 million were for rural electrification and US$ 15 million were for fishing industry development, the credit agreement came into force on 02 January 2009.  Apart from electrification in rural areas, the project involves supply of cold storage systems for collection and distribution system for fish, fruits and vegetables.

(vii) Acquisition of Railway coaches (12) and locomotives (1) from India: The credit agreement came into effect on 27 April 2006, for extending a credit of US$ 27 million.  The project involved supply of 12 railway coaches and one locomotive as well as spares.  The supplies have been completed.

(viii) Supply of medical equipment, furniture and other accessories to four hospitals in Senegal: With a total amount of US$ 5 million, the project aims at providing medical equipment, furniture and other accessories for one hospital each in Dakar, Saint Louis, Touba and Ourossogui towns.

(ix)  Rural Electrification (Phase-II):  Credit Agreement for an amount of US$ 27.5 million was signed in September 2011.  The project aims at expansion of the power network in rural areas of Senegal through conventional grid extension and through solar powered systems in remote areas.

(x)    Fisheries Development Project (Phase-II):

          Government of India has approved a line of credit worth US $ 19 million for the second phase of fisheries development project.

(xi)  Cooperation in Railway sector

          RITES enjoys the privilege of associating with Ministry of Equipment and Transport in Senegal in recent years and has executed important railway projects which include export packages of diesel locomotives, passenger coaches and Diesel Electric Multiple Units as well feasibility study of new railway link between Dakar and Ziguinchor (via Tambacounda) Some of the railway projects executed/under execution by RITES in Senegal are as under :
 1. Supply of 5 MG In-service 1350 HP diesel locomotives and 20 MG passenger coaches to PTB, Senegal in 2006 funded by Government of Senegal.
2. Supply of 1 MG new 2300 HP diesel locomotive and 12 MG new Passenger coaches to PTB, Senegal in 2007-08 under Indian LOC.
3. Supply of 4 sets of MG DMU trains to Petit Train Blue, Senegal under Indian LOC (on-going project).
4. Feasibility Study for development of a new rail link between Dakar – Ziguinchor via Tambacounda in Senegal completed in 2006 under GOI's funding.

          ITEC/TrainingFor the financial year 2012-13, 35 slots under ITEC have been allotted to Senegal.  Apart from this, 2 slots under General Cultural Scholarship Scheme (GCSS) and nine slots under the Africa Scholarship Scheme are also available annually for Senegal.  For the current financial year, five slots for training in courses conducted by the Indian Navy and three in the courses conducted by Indian Air Force have been allotted to Senegal.  All seven slots provided in 2010-11 under naval courses were utilized by Senegal.  Fifteen slots each under the courses conducted by Indian Air Force in 2009-10 and 2010-11 were utilized by Senegal.  Training in technical trades is provided in these courses.

          Indian community: The Indian community numbers around 300 (three hundred).  Most of them are working for Indian companies including those executing development projects under Lines of Credit extended by India under bilateral and multilateral schemes.  Some of them are running their own businesses.

Embassy of Senegal in New Delhi

Address: E 14/2, Vasant Vihar, New Delhi-110057
Telephone: 0091 11 26734400 / 26734401, Fax: 0091 11 26734435

Address: Embassy of India, 5, Avenue Carde, Ground & First Floors, B.P. 398, Dakar.

Contact e-mail address: indiaemb@orange.sn
Working hours: 0900 hrs to 1730 hrs (Monday to Friday)
Telephone Number: 00-221-338495875
Fax Number: 00-221-338223585

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